Sunday, May 18, 2008

Present Perfect Tense

Present perfect tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu kegiatan atau peristiwa yang telah terjadi.

Kata keterangan waktu (Adverbs of time) yang dapat digunakan:
since ... : sejak ...
for ... : selama ...
recently : baru-baru ini
lately : akhir-akhir ini

Positive Sentence
I/You/We/They + have + V3
He/She/It + has + V3

Verba ketiga (V3) ada dua macam:
1. Regular verb (verba berarturan) --> V1 + d/ed
2. Irregular verb (verba tidak beraturan) --> lihat daftar dalam kamus

Contoh kalimat:
They have stood under the tree for two hours.
= Mereka telah berdiri di bawah pohon itu selama dua jam.
The secretary has typed the letter since 10 o'clock.
= Sekretaris telah mengetik surat sejak pukul 10.

Negative Sentence
I/You/We/They + have + not + V3
He/She/It + has + not + V3

Have not disingkat menjadi haven't.
Has not disingkat menjadi hasn't.

Contoh kalimat:
They have not stood under the tree for two hours.
The secretary has not typed the letter since 10 o'clock.

Interrogative Sentence
Have + I/you/we/they + V3
Has + he/she/it + V3

Contoh kalimat:
Have they stood under the tree for two hours?
Has the secretary typed the letter since 10 o'clock?


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