Thursday, August 21, 2008

Subjunctive dengan As If/As Though

Kedua frasa ini dalam bahasa Indonesia mempunyai arti yang sama, yaitu seolah-olah atau seakan-akan. Penggunaannya pun tidak memiliki perbedaan. Jadi, keduanya bisa saling menggantikan.


as if/as though + past tense

as if/as though + past perfect tense


As if/as though diikuti past tense untuk menunjukkan suatu keadaan yang berlawanan/bertentangan dengan kenyataan sekarang. Sedangkan untuk menyatakan suatu keadaan yang berlawanan dengan kenyataan di waktu lampau, past perfect tense digunakan.


Contoh:

He acts as if he were a rich man.

(Real fact : He isn’t a rich man.)

You talk as though you knew everything.

(Real fact : You don’t know everything.)

Rina talked as if she had mastered the topic.

(Real fact : She didn’t master the topic.)

He behaved as though he had been possessed.

(Real fact : He wasn’t possessed.)


Catatan:

  • Were digunakan untuk semua subjek.
  • Kalimat-kalimat pada pola di atas selain menyatakan suatu keadaan yang berlawanan, bisa juga untuk menyatakan suatu keragu-raguan. Pada contoh pertama, misalnya, bisa juga bermakna bahwa kita tidak tahu pasti (ragu-ragu) apakah ia memang benar-benar orang kaya atau tidak.

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