Friday, April 25, 2008

Simple Past Tense

Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu kegiatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi di waktu lampau.


Keterangan waktu (adverb of time) yang dapat digunakan antara lain adalah:

yesterday : kemarin

last night : semalam

last week : minggu lalu

last month : bulan lalu

last year : tahun lalu

two days ago : dua hari yang lalu

a week ago : seminggu yang lalu


Positive Sentence

Rumus:

S + V2

Verba kedua (V2) ada dua macam, yaitu:

  • Regular Verb (Verba Beraturan) --> dibentuk dari V1 + d/ed
  • Irregular Verb (Verba Tidak Beraturan) --> jenis verba ini memiliki bentuk sendiri dan perlu Anda hapalkan

Contoh kalimat:

They played basketball yesterday.

= Mereka bermain bola basket kemarin.

Played adalah verba kedua dari play. (Regular Verb)

She wrote a letter last night.

= Ia menulis surat semalam.

Wrote adalah verba kedua dari write. (Irregular Verb)


Negative Sentence

Rumus:

S + did not + V1

Contoh kalimat:

They did not (didn’t) play basketball yesterday.

= Mereka tidak bermain bola basket kemarin.

She didn’t write a letter last night.

= Ia tidak menulis surat semalam.


Interrogative Sentence

Rumus:

Did + S + V1

Contoh kalimat:

Did they play basketball yesterday?

= Apakah mereka bermain bola basket kemarin?

Did she write a letter last night?

= Apakah ia menulis surat semalam?


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