Monday, July 7, 2008

Conditional Sentences (Type 2)

Conditional sentence type 2

if clause : simple past tense

main clause : past future tense (S + would + V1)

Tipe ini digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu tindakan/keadaan yang berlawanan/ bertentangan dengan kenyataan pada saat ini. Sebenarnya syarat dalam if-clause bisa saja terpenuhi, tetapi kemungkinannya sangat kecil.

Contoh:

If you studied hard, you would pass the exam.

(Real fact : You don’t study hard.)

If I had a lot of money, I would lend you some.

(Real fact : I don’t have much money.)

Would bisa juga diganti dengan could atau might.

Contoh:

You might be successful if you tried harder.

If I had some information, I could let you know.

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